Journals (peer-reviewed)


Vaucher, P., Macdonald, R. J. D., & Carnes, D. (2018). The role of osteopathy in the Swiss primary health care system: a practice review. BMJ Open, 8, e023770. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2018-023770


Cettou, N., Vaucher, P., Carnes, D., & Hendricks-Muller, H. (2018). Efficacité des thérapies manuelles dans la prise en charge du côlon irritable chez l’adulte : une revue systématique de la littérature / Effects of manual therapy on irritable bowel syndrome in adults: a systematic review. Mains libres, 1, 9-18


Carnes, D., Plunkett, A., Ellwood, J., & Miles, C. (2018). Manual therapy for unsettled, distressed and excessively crying infants: a systematic review and meta-analyses. BMJ Open, 8(1). doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2017-019040


Carnes, D., Sohanpal, R., Frostick, C., Hull, S., Mathur, R., Netuveli, G., Tong, J., Hutt, P., & Bertotti, M. (2017). The impact of a social prescribing service on patients in primary care: a mixed methods evaluation. BMC Health Service Research, 17(1), 835. doi: 10.1186/s12913-017-2778-y


Bertotti, M., Frostick, C., Hutt, P., Sohanpal, R., & Carnes, D. (2017). A realist evaluation of social prescribing: an exploration into the context and mechanisms underpinning a pathway linking primary care with the voluntary sector. Primary Health Care Research & Development, 1-14. doi: 10.1017/S1463423617000706


Williams, N. H., Jenkins, A., Goulden, N., Hoare, Z., Hughes, D. A., Wood, E., Foster, N. E., Walsh, D. A., Carnes, D., Sparkes, V., Hay, E. M., Isaacs, J., Konstantinou, K., Morrissey, D., Karppinen, J., Genevay, S., & Wilkinson, C. (2017). Subcutaneous Injection of Adalimumab Trial compared with Control (SCIATiC): a randomised controlled trial of adalimumab injection compared with placebo for patients receiving physiotherapy treatment for sciatica. Health technology assessment (Winchester, England), 21(60), 1-180. doi: 10.3310/hta21600


Carnes, D., Mars, T., Plunkett, A., Nanke, L., & Abbey, H. (2017). A mixed methods evaluation of a third wave cognitive behavioural therapy and osteopathic treatment programme for chronic pain in primary care (OsteoMAP). International Journal of Osteopathic Medicine 24, 12-17.

Taylor, S. J. C., Carnes, D., Homer, K., Pincus, T., Kahan, B. C., Hounsome, N., Eldridge, S., Spencer, A., Diaz-Ordaz, K., Rahman, A., Mars, T. S., Foell, J., Griffiths, C. J., & Underwood, M. R. (2016). Improving the self-management of chronic pain: COping with persistent Pain, Effectiveness Research in Self-management (COPERS). Programme Grants for Applied Research, 4(14).

doi: 10.3310/pgfar04140


Carnes, D. (2016). What can osteopaths learn from concerns and complaints raised against them? A review of insurance and regulator reports. International Journal of Osteopathic Medicine, 22, 3-10.


Bradbury, K., Al-Abbadey, M., Carnes, D., Dimitrov, B. D., Eardley, S., Fawkes, C., Foster, J., Greville-Harris, M., Harvey, J. M., Leach, J., Lewith, G., MacPherson, H., Roberts, L., Parry, L., Yardley, L., & Bishop, F. L. (2016). Non-specific mechanisms in orthodox and CAM management of low back pain (MOCAM): theoretical framework and protocol for a prospective cohort study. BMJ Open, 6(5), e012209. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2016-012209


Taylor, S. J., Carnes, D., Homer, K., Kahan, B. C., Hounsome, N., Eldridge, S., Spencer, A., Pincus, T., Rahman, A., & Underwood, M. (2016). Novel Three-Day, Community-Based, Nonpharmacological Group Intervention for Chronic Musculoskeletal Pain (COPERS): A Randomised Clinical Trial. PLoS Med, 13(6), e1002040. doi: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1002040


Fawkes C, Ward E, Carnes D. What evidence is good evidence? A masterclass in critical appraisal. IJOM 2015; 18(2):116-129


Rushton A, Fawkes C, Carnes D, Moore A. A modified Delphi consensus study to identify UK osteopathic profession research priorities. Man Ther. 2014 May 9. pii: S1356-689X(14)00078-2. doi: 10.1016/j.math.2014.04.013.


Rahman A, Underwood M, Carnes D. Fibromyalgia: Clinical review. BMJ 2014; Feb 24;348:g1224. doi: 10.1136/bmj.g1224


Kahan B, Diaz-Ordaz K, Homer K, Carnes D, Underwood M, Taylor SJC, Bremner S, Eldridge S. Coping with Persistent Pain, Effectiveness Research into Self-Management (COPERS) – statistical analysis plan for a randomised controlled trial. BMC Trials, 2014, 15:59 doi:10.1186/1745-6215-15-59


Carnes D, Homer K, Underwood M, Pincus T, Rahman A, Taylor S.J.C. Pain management for chronic musculoskeletal conditions: the development of an evidence based and theory informed pain self-management course. BMJ Open. 2013; 3:e003534.doi:10.1136


Mars T, Ellard D, Carnes D, Homer K, S.J.C.Taylor. Fidelity in complex behaviour change interventions: a standardised approach to evaluate intervention integrity. BMJ Open 2013; 3:e003555.doi:10.1136


C Heneghan, C Blacklock, R Perera, R Davis, A Banerjee,  P Gill, S Liew, L Chamas, J Hernandez, K Mahtani, G Hayward, S Harrison, D Lasserson, S Mickan, C Sellers, D Carnes, K Homer,  L Steed, J Ross, N Denny, C Goyder, M Thompson, A Ward. Evidence for non- communicable diseases: analysis of Cochrane reviews and randomised trials by World Bank classification. BMJ Open 2013;3:e003298. doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2013-003298


Foell J, Carnes D, Homer K, Taylor SJC. Developing and implementing electronic search strategies to recruit patients with chronic musculoskeletal pain in primary care databases. Primary Health Care Research and Development. 2013; doi:10.1017/S1463423613000248


Carnes D, Underwood M, Homer K, Bremner S, Eldridge S, Pincus T, Rahman A, Taylor SJC. Effectiveness and cost effectiveness of a novel, group self-management course for adults with chronic musculoskeletal pain: study protocol for a multi-centre, randomised controlled trial (COPERS). BMJ Open 2013; 3:e002492


Rajendran D, Bright P, Bettles S, Carnes D, Mullinger B. What puts the adverse in 'adverse events'? Patients' perceptions of post-treatment experiences in osteopathy - a qualitative study using focus groups. Manual Therapy. 2012; (March): 1-7


Carnes D. Patterns of pain: a master class. Int. J. Ost. Med. 2012; 14 (3): 79-126


Froud R, Underwood M, Carnes D, Eldridge S. Clinicians' perceptions of reporting methods for back pain trials: a qualitative study. Br J Gen Prac. March 2012; 62 (596): e151-e159(9)


Carnes D, Homer KE, Miles CL, Pincus T, Underwood M, Rahman A, Taylor SJC. Effective delivery styles and content for self-management interventions for chronic musculoskeletal pain: a systematic literature review. Clin J Pain. 2012;28(4): 344-354


Pincus T, Miles CL, Carnes D, Homer KE, Taylor SJC, Bremner SA, Rahman A, Underwood M. Can we identify how programmes aimed at promoting self management in musculoskeletal pain work and who benefits? A systematic review of sub-group analysis within RCTs. Eur J Pain. 2011. Feb 26


Pincus T, Miles C, Froud R, Underwood M, Carnes D, Taylor S. Methodological criteria for the assessment of moderators in systematic reviews of Randomised Controlled Trials: a consensus study. BMC Med. Res. Meth 2011; 11:14


Miles C, Pincus T, Carnes D, Underwood M, Taylor SJC. Measuring pain self-efficacy. Clin J Pain. 2011 Jun;27(5):461-70


Carnes D, Mars T, Mullinger B, Froud R, Underwood M. Adverse events and manual therapy: a systematic review. Manual Therapy Aug 2010; 15 (4): 355-363


Carnes D, Gallagher J, Leak S, Underwood M. An evaluation of the implementation of a multidisciplinary persistent pain service in the inner London Borough of Tower Hamlets. PHCRD 2010; 11: 233-240


Carnes D, Mullinger B, Underwood M. Defining adverse events in manual therapies: a modified DELPHI consensus study. Manual Therapy Feb 2010; 15(1): 2-6


Carnes D. First author, commissioned report. Non-drug management of chronic low back pain in primary care. Drugs and Therapeutics Bulletin. BMJ Group. 2009.


Underwood M, Ashby D, Carnes D, Castelnuovo E, Cross P, Harding G, Hennessy E, Letley L, Martin J, Mt-Isa S, Parsons S, Spencer A, Vickers M, Whyte K. Topical or oral ibuprofen for chronic knee pain in older people. The TOIB study. Health Technol Assess. 2008 May; 12 (22):1


Carnes D, Gallagher J, Herne S, Munday E, Ritchie S, Underwood M. Mapping care pathways and estimating the number and cost of musculoskeletal chronic pain patients to inform the development and implementation of a new service. PHCRD 2008; 9: 241-7


Carnes D, Ashby D, Parsons S, Underwood M. Chronic forearm pain presents as a transient and indistinct pain site in a community setting: results from a UK population survey. Family Practice. June 2008; 25: 197-201


Carnes D, Underwood M . The importance of monitoring patient ability to achieve functional tasks in those with musculoskeletal pain. Int J Ost Med. 2008; 11(1): 26-32


Carnes D, Anwer Y, Underwood M., Harding G, Parsons S. Influence on older people’s decision making regarding choice of topical or oral NSAIDS for knee pain: qualitative study. BMJ. Jan 2008; 336: 142-145.


Carnes D, Parsons S, Ashby D, Breen A, Foster N, Pincus T, Vogel S, Underwood M. Chronic Musculoskeletal pain rarely present in a single body site: results from a UK population study. Rheumatology (Oxford) Jul 2007; 46 (7):1168-1170


Carnes D. Editorial: Chronic Musculoskeletal Pain. BJGP. 2007 Aug; 57(54): 604-5


Carnes D. Underwood M. BMJ learning: Low back pain 2007.


Carnes D, Underwood M. Need to know: Back Pain. Pulse. 6th July 2006.


Carnes D, Ashby D, Underwood M. A systematic review of pain drawing literature: Should Pain drawings be used for psychological screening? Clin. J. of Pain. 2006; 22 (5): 457 – 466


Parsons S, Carnes D, Pincus T, Foster N, Breen A, Vogel S, Underwood M. Measuring troublesomeness of chronic pain by location BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders. 2006, 7:34


Carnes D, Parsons S, Ashby D, Underwood M. Predictors of Forearm Pain. AMS.2006. ISBN:978-0-9551179-16





October 2017, Institute of Osteopathy Convention,  London, UK.

  • New models of thinking and research. Oral presentation and debate
  • Dealing with Clinical Incertainty. Workshop

September 2017, Osteopathic International Alliance (OIA) conference 2017, Auckland, New Zealand.

  • Research Pillar Convenor and Chair of the International Osteopathic Research Network
  • The effectiveness of manual therapy for health of distressed, unsettled and excessively cryeing infants: A systematic review. Oral presentation

April 2017, 11th International Conference on Advances in Osteopathic Research, Milano, Italy.  What can osteopaths learn from concerns and complaints raised about them? A review of UK insurance and regulator report.


January 2017, National Council of Osteopathic Research, Chronic Pain Management Conference, Queen Mary University of London. Presentation:

Chronic pain management overview: introduction. What do we know about chronic pain, the burden, the presentation, the population.  "Helping patients helps themselves: Improving the management of persistent pain". Oral presentation and workshop.


September 2017, Swiss Congress for Health Professions (SCHP), Lugano, Switzerland.

  • Presentation: Non-physician led self-management intervention for chronic pain: A pragmatic randomised controlled trial.
  • Presentation: Risk of adverse events in manual therapy: a systematic review update of prospective cohort studies in primary care.
  • Presentation: Maintaining wellbeing, safety and social participation in home-dwelling older people with person-centred transdisciplinary support networks.
  • Poster: Improving the reliability of thoracic spinal segmental mobility tests using a palpation training device with feedback; a randomized controlled pilot trial.

April 2016, British School of Osteopathy, London. Invited speaker: Evaluation of the OsteoMAP programme.


March 2016, American Osteopathic Association convention, Orlando. Keynote: Adverse events in manual therapy


November 2015, Institute of Osteopathy convention, London. Invited speaker: i) Building an evidence base for osteopathy ii) Osteopathic research priorities.


November 2015, World Health Organisation. Macao SAR. Invited specialist contributor WHO working group, clinical research in traditional and complementary medicine.


September 2015, Osteopathic International Alliance. Montreal Canada. Presentation: Concerns and complains raised against osteopathy, a time to reflect. Chair: International osteopathic research network meeting: research priorities - the next 3 years.


September 2015, European Pain Conference, Vienna Austria. Presentation of COPERS: Effectiveness of self-management for chronic pain.


October 2014, World pain conference, Buenos Aires Argentina. Presentation of COPERS: Effectiveness of self- management for chronic pain.


November 2014, International Conference for Advancement in Osteopathic Research, Sao Paulo Brazil. Invited speaker: Patient incidences: online facility for reflective practitioner learning, National database of Patient reported outcomes, Evaluation of mindfulness integrated into osteopathy service for chronic pain.


January 2014, Osteopathic International Alliance, Austin, Texas. Invited keynote speaker Practitioner based osteopathic research and workshop coordinator to establish an international research network.


October 2013, Complementary Alternative and Allied Health conference, Lisbon, Portugal.  Keynote speaker: Evidence for Osteopathy and the UK research model in osteopathy.


September 2012, International Conference for Advancement in Osteopathic Research, London.

Keynote speaker: Making research relevant in a rapidly changing health care market.

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Dawn Carnes
PhD, Professeure spécialisée
+41 26 429 60 59
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Haute école de santé Fribourg

Hochschule für Gesundheit Freiburg

School of Health Sciences Fribourg

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