Carnes Dawn, PhD

Professeure HES invitée
Unité de Recherche en Mobilité & santé de l'appareil locomoteur (URM) / Forschungseinheit für Mobilität und Gesundheit des Bewegungsapparates / Unit of Research in Mobility & Musculoskeletal Care
+41 26 429 60 59

Parcours / Lebenslauf / Professional experience

Dawn Carnes completed her PhD at Barts and The London School of Medicine and Dentistry, Queen Mary University of London in 2006. Her research focuses on chronic musculoskeletal pain. She is involved in both quantitative and qualitative research. Dawn has a background in psychology, osteopathy, project management and health research.

Since 2015, Dawn Carnes has worked as "Professeure spécialisée" at the School of Health Sciences Fribourg (University of Applied Sciences and Arts Western Switzerland - HES-SO) and her research currently focuses on the self-management of chronic musculoskeletal pain. Her role has two remits: i) to establish a musculoskeletal research unit and ii) to embed research into the osteopathic education programme and continuing professional development.

Champs de compétences / Forschungsschwerpunkte / Fields of expertise

Chronic musculoskeletal pain. Quantitative and qualitative health research, including pragmatic randomized controlled trials, prospective cohort studies, systematic reviews, indepth interviewing and facilitation skills in health care.

Journals (peer-reviewed)

White, K., Potter, R., Patel, S., Nichols, V. P., Haywood, K. L., Hee, S. W., Mistry, D., Carnes, D., Taylor, S. J. C., Underwood, M., Matharu, M. S., & on behalf of the, C. t. (2019). Chronic Headache Education and Self-management Study (CHESS) – a mixed method feasibility study to inform the design of a randomised controlled trial. BMC Medical Research Methodology, 19(1), 30. doi: 10.1186/s12874-019-0672-5

Froud, R., Fawkes, C., Foss, J., Underwood, M., & Carnes, D. (2018). Responsiveness, reliability, and minimally important and minimal detectable change of three electronic patient reported outcome measures for low back pain: a validation study (Preprint). Journal of Medical Internet Research, 20(10), e272. doi: 10.2196/jmir.9828

Vaucher, P., Macdonald, R. J. D., & Carnes, D. (2018). The role of osteopathy in the Swiss primary health care system: a practice review. BMJ Open, 8, e023770. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2018-023770

Cettou, N., Vaucher, P., Carnes, D., & Hendricks-Muller, H. (2018). Efficacité des thérapies manuelles dans la prise en charge du côlon irritable chez l’adulte : une revue systématique de la littérature / Effects of manual therapy on irritable bowel syndrome in adults: a systematic review. Mains libres, 1, 9-18

Carnes, D., Plunkett, A., Ellwood, J., & Miles, C. (2018). Manual therapy for unsettled, distressed and excessively crying infants: a systematic review and meta-analyses. BMJ Open, 8(1). doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2017-019040

Carnes, D., Sohanpal, R., Frostick, C., Hull, S., Mathur, R., Netuveli, G., Tong, J., Hutt, P., & Bertotti, M. (2017). The impact of a social prescribing service on patients in primary care: a mixed methods evaluation. BMC Health Service Research, 17(1), 835. doi: 10.1186/s12913-017-2778-y

Bertotti, M., Frostick, C., Hutt, P., Sohanpal, R., & Carnes, D. (2017). A realist evaluation of social prescribing: an exploration into the context and mechanisms underpinning a pathway linking primary care with the voluntary sector. Primary Health Care Research & Development, 1-14. doi: 10.1017/S1463423617000706

Williams, N. H., Jenkins, A., Goulden, N., Hoare, Z., Hughes, D. A., Wood, E., Foster, N. E., Walsh, D. A., Carnes, D., Sparkes, V., Hay, E. M., Isaacs, J., Konstantinou, K., Morrissey, D., Karppinen, J., Genevay, S., & Wilkinson, C. (2017). Subcutaneous Injection of Adalimumab Trial compared with Control (SCIATiC): a randomised controlled trial of adalimumab injection compared with placebo for patients receiving physiotherapy treatment for sciatica. Health technology assessment (Winchester, England), 21(60), 1-180. doi: 10.3310/hta21600

Carnes, D., Mars, T., Plunkett, A., Nanke, L., & Abbey, H. (2017). A mixed methods evaluation of a third wave cognitive behavioural therapy and osteopathic treatment programme for chronic pain in primary care (OsteoMAP). International Journal of Osteopathic Medicine 24, 12-17.

Taylor, S. J. C., Carnes, D., Homer, K., Pincus, T., Kahan, B. C., Hounsome, N., Eldridge, S., Spencer, A., Diaz-Ordaz, K., Rahman, A., Mars, T. S., Foell, J., Griffiths, C. J., & Underwood, M. R. (2016). Improving the self-management of chronic pain: COping with persistent Pain, Effectiveness Research in Self-management (COPERS). Programme Grants for Applied Research, 4(14). doi: 10.3310/pgfar04140

Carnes, D. (2016). What can osteopaths learn from concerns and complaints raised against them? A review of insurance and regulator reports. International Journal of Osteopathic Medicine, 22, 3-10.

Bradbury, K., Al-Abbadey, M., Carnes, D., Dimitrov, B. D., Eardley, S., Fawkes, C., Foster, J., Greville-Harris, M., Harvey, J. M., Leach, J., Lewith, G., MacPherson, H., Roberts, L., Parry, L., Yardley, L., & Bishop, F. L. (2016). Non-specific mechanisms in orthodox and CAM management of low back pain (MOCAM): theoretical framework and protocol for a prospective cohort study. BMJ Open, 6(5), e012209. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2016-012209

Taylor, S. J., Carnes, D., Homer, K., Kahan, B. C., Hounsome, N., Eldridge, S., Spencer, A., Pincus, T., Rahman, A., & Underwood, M. (2016). Novel Three-Day, Community-Based, Nonpharmacological Group Intervention for Chronic Musculoskeletal Pain (COPERS): A Randomised Clinical Trial. PLoS Med, 13(6), e1002040. doi: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1002040

Fawkes C, Ward E, Carnes D. What evidence is good evidence? A masterclass in critical appraisal. IJOM 2015; 18(2):116-129

Rushton A, Fawkes C, Carnes D, Moore A. A modified Delphi consensus study to identify UK osteopathic profession research priorities. Man Ther. 2014 May 9. pii: S1356-689X(14)00078-2. doi: 10.1016/j.math.2014.04.013.

Rahman A, Underwood M, Carnes D. Fibromyalgia: Clinical review. BMJ 2014; Feb 24;348:g1224. doi: 10.1136/bmj.g1224

Kahan B, Diaz-Ordaz K, Homer K, Carnes D, Underwood M, Taylor SJC, Bremner S, Eldridge S. Coping with Persistent Pain, Effectiveness Research into Self-Management (COPERS) – statistical analysis plan for a randomised controlled trial. BMC Trials, 2014, 15:59 doi:10.1186/1745-6215-15-59

Carnes D, Homer K, Underwood M, Pincus T, Rahman A, Taylor S.J.C. Pain management for chronic musculoskeletal conditions: the development of an evidence based and theory informed pain self-management course. BMJ Open. 2013; 3:e003534.doi:10.1136

Mars T, Ellard D, Carnes D, Homer K, S.J.C.Taylor. Fidelity in complex behaviour change interventions: a standardised approach to evaluate intervention integrity. BMJ Open 2013; 3:e003555.doi:10.1136

C Heneghan, C Blacklock, R Perera, R Davis, A Banerjee,  P Gill, S Liew, L Chamas, J Hernandez, K Mahtani, G Hayward, S Harrison, D Lasserson, S Mickan, C Sellers, D Carnes, K Homer,  L Steed, J Ross, N Denny, C Goyder, M Thompson, A Ward. Evidence for non- communicable diseases: analysis of Cochrane reviews and randomised trials by World Bank classification. BMJ Open 2013;3:e003298. doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2013-003298

Foell J, Carnes D, Homer K, Taylor SJC. Developing and implementing electronic search strategies to recruit patients with chronic musculoskeletal pain in primary care databases. Primary Health Care Research and Development. 2013; doi:10.1017/S1463423613000248

Carnes D, Underwood M, Homer K, Bremner S, Eldridge S, Pincus T, Rahman A, Taylor SJC. Effectiveness and cost effectiveness of a novel, group self-management course for adults with chronic musculoskeletal pain: study protocol for a multi-centre, randomised controlled trial (COPERS). BMJ Open 2013; 3:e002492

Rajendran D, Bright P, Bettles S, Carnes D, Mullinger B. What puts the adverse in 'adverse events'? Patients' perceptions of post-treatment experiences in osteopathy - a qualitative study using focus groups. Manual Therapy. 2012; (March): 1-7

Carnes D. Patterns of pain: a master class. Int. J. Ost. Med. 2012; 14 (3): 79-126

Froud R, Underwood M, Carnes D, Eldridge S. Clinicians' perceptions of reporting methods for back pain trials: a qualitative study. Br J Gen Prac. March 2012; 62 (596): e151-e159(9)

Carnes D, Homer KE, Miles CL, Pincus T, Underwood M, Rahman A, Taylor SJC. Effective delivery styles and content for self-management interventions for chronic musculoskeletal pain: a systematic literature review. Clin J Pain. 2012;28(4): 344-354

Pincus T, Miles CL, Carnes D, Homer KE, Taylor SJC, Bremner SA, Rahman A, Underwood M. Can we identify how programmes aimed at promoting self management in musculoskeletal pain work and who benefits? A systematic review of sub-group analysis within RCTs. Eur J Pain. 2011. Feb 26

Pincus T, Miles C, Froud R, Underwood M, Carnes D, Taylor S. Methodological criteria for the assessment of moderators in systematic reviews of Randomised Controlled Trials: a consensus study. BMC Med. Res. Meth 2011; 11:14

Miles C, Pincus T, Carnes D, Underwood M, Taylor SJC. Measuring pain self-efficacy. Clin J Pain. 2011 Jun;27(5):461-70

Carnes D, Mars T, Mullinger B, Froud R, Underwood M. Adverse events and manual therapy: a systematic review. Manual Therapy Aug 2010; 15 (4): 355-363

Carnes D, Gallagher J, Leak S, Underwood M. An evaluation of the implementation of a multidisciplinary persistent pain service in the inner London Borough of Tower Hamlets. PHCRD 2010; 11: 233-240

Carnes D, Mullinger B, Underwood M. Defining adverse events in manual therapies: a modified DELPHI consensus study. Manual Therapy Feb 2010; 15(1): 2-6

Carnes D. First author, commissioned report. Non-drug management of chronic low back pain in primary care. Drugs and Therapeutics Bulletin. BMJ Group. 2009.

Underwood M, Ashby D, Carnes D, Castelnuovo E, Cross P, Harding G, Hennessy E, Letley L, Martin J, Mt-Isa S, Parsons S, Spencer A, Vickers M, Whyte K. Topical or oral ibuprofen for chronic knee pain in older people. The TOIB study. Health Technol Assess. 2008 May; 12 (22):1

Carnes D, Gallagher J, Herne S, Munday E, Ritchie S, Underwood M. Mapping care pathways and estimating the number and cost of musculoskeletal chronic pain patients to inform the development and implementation of a new service. PHCRD 2008; 9: 241-7

Carnes D, Ashby D, Parsons S, Underwood M. Chronic forearm pain presents as a transient and indistinct pain site in a community setting: results from a UK population survey. Family Practice. June 2008; 25: 197-201

Carnes D, Underwood M . The importance of monitoring patient ability to achieve functional tasks in those with musculoskeletal pain. Int J Ost Med. 2008; 11(1): 26-32

Carnes D, Anwer Y, Underwood M., Harding G, Parsons S. Influence on older people’s decision making regarding choice of topical or oral NSAIDS for knee pain: qualitative study. BMJ. Jan 2008; 336: 142-145.

Carnes D, Parsons S, Ashby D, Breen A, Foster N, Pincus T, Vogel S, Underwood M. Chronic Musculoskeletal pain rarely present in a single body site: results from a UK population study. Rheumatology (Oxford) Jul 2007; 46 (7):1168-1170

Carnes D. Editorial: Chronic Musculoskeletal Pain. BJGP. 2007 Aug; 57(54): 604-5

Carnes D. Underwood M. BMJ learning: Low back pain 2007.

Carnes D, Underwood M. Need to know: Back Pain. Pulse. 6th July 2006.

Carnes D, Ashby D, Underwood M. A systematic review of pain drawing literature: Should Pain drawings be used for psychological screening? Clin. J. of Pain. 2006; 22 (5): 457 – 466

Parsons S, Carnes D, Pincus T, Foster N, Breen A, Vogel S, Underwood M. Measuring troublesomeness of chronic pain by location BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders. 2006, 7:34

Carnes D, Parsons S, Ashby D, Underwood M. Predictors of Forearm Pain. AMS.2006. ISBN:978-0-9551179-16



September 2018, Swiss Congress for Health Professions (SCHP), Zürich, Swizerland
The impact of social prescribing service on patients in primary care: a mixed methods evaluation. Poster
Manual therapy for unsettled, distressed and excessively crying infants: a systematic review and meta-analyses. Poster

March 2018, European Forum and Federation of Osteopaths, Athens, Greece.  Creating a European Database of Patient Reported Outcomes for Osteopathic Care. Oral presentation

October 2017, Institute of Osteopathy Convention,  London, UK.
New models of thinking and research. Oral presentation and debate
Dealing with Clinical Incertainty. Workshop

September 2017, Osteopathic International Alliance (OIA) conference 2017, Auckland, New Zealand. Research Pillar Convenor and Chair of the International Osteopathic Research Network. The effectiveness of manual therapy for health of distressed, unsettled and excessively cryeing infants: A systematic review. Oral presentation

April 2017, 11th International Conference on Advances in Osteopathic Research, Milano, Italy.  What can osteopaths learn from concerns and complaints raised about them? A review of UK insurance and regulator report.

January 2017, National Council of Osteopathic Research, Chronic Pain Management Conference, Queen Mary University of London. Presentation: Chronic pain management overview: introduction. What do we know about chronic pain, the burden, the presentation, the population. "Helping patients helps themselves: Improving the management of persistent pain". Oral presentation and workshop.

September 2016, Swiss Congress for Health Professions (SCHP), Lugano, Switzerland:
Presentation: Non-physician led self-management intervention for chronic pain: A pragmatic randomised controlled trial.
Presentation: Risk of adverse events in manual therapy: a systematic review update of prospective cohort studies in primary care.
Presentation: Maintaining wellbeing, safety and social participation in home-dwelling older people with person-centred transdisciplinary support networks.
Poster: Improving the reliability of thoracic spinal segmental mobility tests using a palpation training device with feedback; a randomized controlled pilot trial.

April 2016, British School of Osteopathy, London. Invited speaker: Evaluation of the OsteoMAP programme.

March 2016, American Osteopathic Association convention, Orlando. Keynote: Adverse events in manual therapy

November 2015, Institute of Osteopathy convention, London. Invited speaker: i) Building an evidence base for osteopathy ii) Osteopathic research priorities.

November 2015, World Health Organisation. Macao SAR. Invited specialist contributor WHO working group, clinical research in traditional and complementary medicine.

September 2015, Osteopathic International Alliance. Montreal Canada. Presentation: Concerns and complains raised against osteopathy, a time to reflect. Chair: International osteopathic research network meeting: research priorities - the next 3 years.

September 2015, European Pain Conference, Vienna Austria. Presentation of COPERS: Effectiveness of self-management for chronic pain.

October 2014, World pain conference, Buenos Aires Argentina. Presentation of COPERS: Effectiveness of self- management for chronic pain.

November 2014, International Conference for Advancement in Osteopathic Research, Sao Paulo Brazil. Invited speaker: Patient incidences: online facility for reflective practitioner learning, National database of Patient reported outcomes, Evaluation of mindfulness integrated into osteopathy service for chronic pain.

January 2014, Osteopathic International Alliance, Austin, Texas. Invited keynote speaker Practitioner based osteopathic research and workshop coordinator to establish an international research network.

October 2013, Complementary Alternative and Allied Health conference, Lisbon, Portugal.  Keynote speaker: Evidence for Osteopathy and the UK research model in osteopathy.

September 2012, International Conference for Advancement in Osteopathic Research, London. Keynote speaker: Making research relevant in a rapidly changing health care market.

Carnes, D. (principal investigator): EuroPROMS: Osteopathic care and management. Financed by European Foundation and Federation of Osteopaths, and National Council for Osteopathic Research (UK). Realized in collaboration with National Council for Osteopathic Research, Institute of Osteopathy (UK), Swiss Federation Osteopathy, and European Foundation and Federation of Osteopaths. Projet

Carnes D. (steering committee) : MOCAM (Non-specific Mechanisms in Orthodox and Complementary Alternative Medicine management of back pain) - Effets non-spécifiques en thérapie manuelle (2015-2018). Financé par Arthritis Research UK et en collaboration avec Southampton University (UK). Projet

Carnes D. (advisory committee) : Effets secondaires en médecine ostéopathique (2015-2017). Financé par AT Still University et en collaboration avec AT Still University USA. Projet

Carnes D. (principal investigator) : PROMS (Patient Reported Outcomes Measures in osteopathy) - Retombées des suites de traitement rapportées par les patients d'ostéopathes britanniques (2013-continu). Financé par Institute of Osteopathy et en collaboration avec National Council for Osteopathic Research, Barts and The London School of Medicine and Dentistry, Queen Mary University of London. Projet

Carnes D. (principal investigator) : Soins pédiatriques en thérapie manuelle, une revue systématique de la littérature (mars 2016 - février 2017). Financé par Crowd fundraising et en collaboration avec NCOR, Barts and The London School of Medicine and Dentistry, Queen Mary University of London. Projet

Carnes D. (co-investigator) : CHESS (Chronic Headache Education and Self-management Study) - Mieux gérer ses céphalées chroniques. Financé par NIHR et en collaboration avec University of Warwick Medical School. Projet

Carnes D. (co-investigator) : I-WOTCH (Improving the Wellbeing of people with Opioid Treated CHronic pain) - Gérer la médication d'opioïdes lors de douleurs chroniques. Financé par NIHR et en collaboration avec ronic pain) - Gérer la médication d'opioïdes lors de douleurs chroniques. Financé par NIHR et en collaboration avec University of Warwick Medical School, Barts and The London School of Medicine and Dentistry, Queen Mary University of London. Projet

Carnes D. (steering committee) : TEAM Trial - Les tendinopathies achiléennes (2015-2018). Financé par NIHR fellowship grant "D. Morissey" et en collaboration avec University of Warwick Medical School, Barts and The London School of Medicine and Dentistry, Queen Mary University of London. Projet

Vaucher P. (principal investigator), Carnes, D. (co-investigator) : SwissOsteoSurvey - Describing osteopaths' scope of practice within the Swiss health system; a practice review study. Financé par Fondation pour la promotion de l'enseignement et de la recherche en ostéopathie et en collaboration avec Fédération Suisse des Ostéopathes, Fédération Suisse des Assistants en Ostéopathie et Fédération Suisse des patients. Projet